Paraphrase Tool


Updated Apr 2, 2023

Understanding the Rhetorical Device of Tautology

If you've ever come across a statement that seems unnecessarily repetitive or redundant, you may have encountered a rhetorical device known as tautology. Tautology is a technique used in language and rhetoric where a concept or idea is needlessly restated using different words, often resulting in redundancy. In this article, we will explore the concept of tautology, examine its purpose, and provide accurate examples to help you grasp this rhetorical device better.

What is Tautology?

Tautology, derived from the Greek word "tauto," meaning "the same," refers to the practice of repeating an idea using different words that essentially convey the same meaning. While it may seem illogical or unnecessary to restate a concept, tautology serves a specific purpose in rhetoric.

The Purpose of Tautology

Although tautology may initially appear redundant, it can be employed deliberately to emphasize a point, create emphasis, or enhance clarity. By restating an idea using different words, speakers or writers aim to reinforce their message, highlight a specific aspect, or engage the audience's attention.

Examples of Tautology

To better understand tautology, let's examine some accurate examples:

  1. "They arrived one after the other in succession." Here, the phrase "one after the other" is repeated using the word "succession," making it tautological. The purpose is to emphasize the sequential nature of their arrival.

  2. "The final outcome is predetermined and certain." In this example, "final outcome" and "predetermined" both convey the idea of inevitability or certainty. By combining these words, the message is reinforced for added impact.

  3. "She was filled with overwhelming grief and sadness." Here, "overwhelming" and "sadness" essentially convey the same meaning, making it a tautological statement. This redundancy is used to emphasize the intensity of the emotion experienced.

  4. "The bright sunny day was filled with warm sunshine." In this case, "bright sunny day" and "warm sunshine" both describe favorable weather conditions. By using tautology, the writer aims to create a vivid image and emphasize the pleasantness of the day.

Tautology in Everyday Language

Tautology isn't limited to formal rhetoric; it often finds its way into everyday language. Let's explore some common tautological phrases:

  1. "Free gift" - The word "free" already implies that no payment is required, so adding "gift" is redundant.

  2. "Foreign imports" - Imports, by definition, originate from another country, making the inclusion of "foreign" unnecessary.

  3. "New innovation" - All innovations are, by nature, new, rendering the inclusion of "new" superfluous.

  4. "End result" - The word "result" already signifies the final outcome, making the use of "end" redundant.

Recognizing Tautology

Being aware of tautology can help you identify instances where language may be overly repetitive. By recognizing tautological phrases, you can refine your own writing and communication skills, ensuring clearer and more concise expression.


Tautology, though seemingly redundant, serves a purpose in rhetoric by emphasizing points, enhancing clarity, and engaging the audience. By repeating an idea using different words, speakers and writers can reinforce their message effectively. While tautology can be found in everyday language, being aware of this rhetorical device can improve our communication skills and help us avoid unnecessary repetition.

About Paraphrase Tool

Getting your wording just right

Paraphrasing is a natural part of the writing process as it helps you clarify your thinking and suit your words to your audience. Using a Paraphrase Tool helps structure and streamline this work, and our paraphrase tool offers 20 modes, many of them free, for accomplishing just this. The 20 modes we offer are diverse, including a summarize tool, a free grammar checker, a mode to simplify text, and a sentence shortener. There are sentence rephrasers and paraphrase rephrase tools, and we pride ourselves on having both, since our reword generator accounts for context at both the sentence and paragraph levels.

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