Paraphrase Tool


Updated Apr 9, 2023

Exploring the Rhetorical Device of Systrophe


In the realm of rhetoric, various literary techniques are employed to enhance the effectiveness of communication. One such device is systrophe, which involves the repetition of words or phrases at the end of successive clauses or sentences. This powerful tool is often used to create emphasis, rhythm, and a memorable impact in both written and spoken language. In this article, we will delve into the concept of systrophe, examine its purpose, and explore some notable examples from literature and oratory.

Understanding Systrophe

Systrophe, derived from the Greek word "strophe," meaning "turn," is a rhetorical device that involves the deliberate repetition of words or phrases at the end of consecutive clauses or sentences. This repetition serves to create a rhythmic pattern and emphasize the central idea or concept being conveyed. By repeating key words or phrases, the speaker or writer aims to leave a lasting impression on the audience or reader.

Purpose and Effects of Systrophe

The primary purpose of systrophe is to enhance the overall impact of a message. By employing this rhetorical device, speakers and writers can effectively emphasize certain ideas, evoke emotions, and make their arguments more memorable. The repetition of words or phrases creates a sense of rhythm, which can captivate the audience and add a poetic quality to the discourse.

Systrophe also allows for the building of momentum and anticipation. As the repeated words or phrases accumulate, the audience becomes increasingly engaged, waiting for the next iteration. This heightened anticipation can further reinforce the central message and amplify its significance.

Examples of Systrophe in Literature and Oratory

  1. William Shakespeare, in his play Julius Caesar, employs systrophe to emphasize the dire consequences of inaction: "If you have tears, prepare to shed them now. / You all do know this mantle. I remember / The first time ever Caesar put it on."

  2. In his famous "I Have a Dream" speech, Martin Luther King Jr. utilized systrophe to convey his vision of equality and justice: "Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God's children. / Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice."

  3. Winston Churchill, in his address to the House of Commons during World War II, employed systrophe to rally the British people: "We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills."


Systrophe, a rhetorical device involving the repetition of words or phrases at the end of successive clauses or sentences, is a powerful tool in the art of persuasion. Through its rhythmic pattern and emphasis, systrophe enhances the impact of a message and leaves a lasting impression on the audience. From Shakespeare to Churchill, its effective use can be found throughout literature and oratory. By understanding and recognizing systrophe, we can appreciate the artistry and persuasive power it brings to the realm of language and communication.

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