Paraphrase Tool

Suppressed Evidence Fallacy

Updated Jan 2, 2023

The Suppressed Evidence Fallacy: Unveiling the Danger of Ignoring Key Information


In the realm of logical reasoning, fallacies can often lead us astray and hinder effective decision-making. One such fallacy that deserves our attention is the suppressed evidence fallacy. This deceptive reasoning error occurs when crucial information is intentionally overlooked or disregarded, distorting the overall picture and leading to erroneous conclusions. In this article, we will delve into the essence of the suppressed evidence fallacy, understand its implications, and highlight the importance of considering all available evidence before drawing any final judgments.

Understanding the Suppressed Evidence Fallacy

At its core, the suppressed evidence fallacy revolves around the concept of cherry-picking information. It occurs when an individual or group selectively presents only the evidence that supports their desired conclusion while intentionally ignoring or suppressing contradictory evidence. By doing so, they create a biased perspective that skews the overall understanding of a particular topic or issue.

The Danger of Ignoring Key Information

1. Distorted Perception

When we succumb to the suppressed evidence fallacy, we risk developing a distorted perception of reality. By selectively choosing evidence that aligns with our preconceived notions or beliefs, we reinforce our existing biases and hinder our ability to see the full picture. This can lead to misguided decisions, flawed arguments, and a perpetuation of misinformation.

2. Incomplete Analysis

Suppressed evidence can often provide crucial context or alternative explanations that challenge the validity of a claim or argument. By ignoring this evidence, we deny ourselves the opportunity for a comprehensive analysis, potentially overlooking the true nature of a situation. Failing to consider all available information undermines the credibility and accuracy of our conclusions.

3. Misleading Conclusions

The suppressed evidence fallacy paves the way for misleading conclusions to gain traction. By deliberately omitting contradictory evidence, proponents of a particular viewpoint can manipulate public opinion, reinforcing their narrative and discrediting opposing arguments. This serves as a dangerous tool for those seeking to push their own agenda without regard for the truth.

Avoiding the Suppressed Evidence Fallacy

Recognizing and avoiding the suppressed evidence fallacy is essential for maintaining a rational and well-informed perspective. Here are a few strategies to help navigate this fallacy:

1. Seek Diverse Perspectives

Actively seek out diverse viewpoints and opinions on a particular topic. Engaging with different perspectives broadens our understanding and reduces the risk of falling into the trap of cherry-picking evidence.

2. Verify Sources and Fact-Check

Always verify the credibility of sources and fact-check any claims before accepting them as truth. Relying on reputable sources and cross-referencing information helps ensure that all relevant evidence is considered.

3. Embrace Critical Thinking

Cultivate critical thinking skills to question and analyze arguments objectively. By evaluating the strength of evidence and weighing different perspectives, we can avoid the pitfalls of the suppressed evidence fallacy and arrive at more accurate conclusions.


The suppressed evidence fallacy presents a significant threat to our ability to reason logically and make informed decisions. By selectively ignoring or suppressing evidence, we distort our perception of reality, hinder comprehensive analysis, and promote misleading conclusions. To combat this fallacy, it is crucial to seek diverse perspectives, fact-check information, and embrace critical thinking. By doing so, we can navigate through the sea of misinformation, arrive at well-rounded conclusions, and contribute to a more rational and informed society.


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