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Incomplete Inclination Fallacy

Updated Feb 3, 2023

The Incomplete Inclination Fallacy: Understanding the Pitfalls of Biased Decision-Making


In a world inundated with information, making rational and unbiased decisions is becoming increasingly challenging. Our minds are susceptible to biases that can hinder our ability to think critically and objectively. One such cognitive bias is the incomplete inclination fallacy. In this article, we will delve into the concept of this fallacy, explore its implications, and discuss strategies to overcome it.

What is the Incomplete Inclination Fallacy?

The incomplete inclination fallacy, also known as the incomplete evidence fallacy, occurs when individuals make decisions or form opinions based on incomplete or insufficient information. It is a cognitive bias that can lead to flawed reasoning and poor judgment. This fallacy often stems from our tendency to rely on readily available information or the first piece of evidence we encounter, rather than seeking out a comprehensive view of the situation.

Examples of the Incomplete Inclination Fallacy

To better understand this fallacy, let's consider a few examples:

Example 1: Choosing a Vacation Destination

Imagine you are planning a vacation and come across a negative review of a particular destination. Without further research, you immediately discard it as an option based on that single review, neglecting to consider the abundance of positive reviews and other factors that could influence your decision.

Example 2: Evaluating Job Candidates

During a hiring process, you review the resumes of several candidates. One applicant has an impressive educational background, but due to time constraints, you only skim through their resume and decide to interview them based solely on their educational qualifications, disregarding other crucial aspects such as work experience or relevant skills.

Example 3: Forming Political Opinions

In the realm of politics, incomplete inclination can be prevalent. Imagine hearing a soundbite from a political figure that aligns with your pre-existing beliefs. Without investigating the full context or gathering additional information, you form a strong opinion solely based on that soundbite.

Implications and Consequences

The incomplete inclination fallacy can have significant implications in various aspects of our lives. Making decisions based on partial information can lead to missed opportunities, biased judgments, and uninformed choices. Moreover, this fallacy can perpetuate confirmation bias, reinforcing our existing beliefs and preventing us from considering alternative perspectives or contradictory evidence.

Overcoming the Incomplete Inclination Fallacy

Recognizing and mitigating the effects of the incomplete inclination fallacy is crucial for making informed decisions. Here are a few strategies to help overcome this bias:

1. Seek diverse perspectives

Actively seek out multiple sources of information and diverse viewpoints before making a decision. Engage in discussions with individuals who hold different opinions to broaden your understanding of the topic at hand.

2. Conduct thorough research

When faced with a decision, invest time in conducting comprehensive research. Gather relevant information from various sources and critically evaluate the evidence before reaching a conclusion. Avoid rushing to judgment based on initial impressions.

3. Challenge your assumptions

Be aware of your own biases and question your assumptions. Ask yourself if you are relying on incomplete information or if there are any gaps in your understanding. Actively challenge your own beliefs and consider alternative explanations or viewpoints.

4. Practice critical thinking

Develop and hone your critical thinking skills. Analyze information objectively, evaluate the credibility of sources, and consider the limitations and biases that may exist within the information you encounter. This will help you make more well-rounded and rational decisions.


The incomplete inclination fallacy is a cognitive bias that can hinder our ability to make informed decisions. By recognizing this bias and actively seeking out a comprehensive view of information, we can minimize the impact of this fallacy on our decision-making processes. Embracing diverse perspectives, conducting thorough research, challenging assumptions, and practicing critical thinking are essential steps towards overcoming this cognitive pitfall. Let us strive to make rational and unbiased decisions that lead to better outcomes in our personal and professional lives.

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