Paraphrase Tool

Incomplete Disquisition Fallacy

Updated Jan 10, 2023

The Incomplete Disquisition Fallacy: A Closer Look


In the realm of logical fallacies, the incomplete disquisition fallacy stands out as a subtle yet impactful error in reasoning. Although not as widely recognized as some of its more famous counterparts, such as ad hominem or straw man fallacies, the incomplete disquisition fallacy has the potential to distort arguments and hinder meaningful discussions. In this article, we will explore the nature of the incomplete disquisition fallacy, its implications, and how to identify and avoid falling into its trap.

Understanding the Incomplete Disquisition Fallacy

The incomplete disquisition fallacy occurs when an argument or reasoning fails to address all relevant aspects of a topic or issue, leading to an incomplete or one-sided analysis. This fallacy often arises when individuals cherry-pick evidence, selectively focus on certain points while ignoring others, or fail to consider alternative perspectives. As a result, the argument becomes skewed, incomplete, and ultimately weakens the overall validity of the position being presented.

Implications and Consequences

Engaging in the incomplete disquisition fallacy can have serious implications for both individuals and society as a whole. When this fallacy is employed, it becomes difficult to arrive at informed and well-rounded conclusions. By deliberately omitting crucial information, the argument lacks the necessary depth and breadth to provide an accurate representation of reality. This can lead to misunderstandings, misinterpretations, and misguided decisions, undermining the pursuit of truth and hindering progress.

Moreover, the incomplete disquisition fallacy can foster polarization and hinder constructive dialogue. By presenting a one-sided argument, it becomes challenging to engage in meaningful discussions that consider multiple perspectives. This can exacerbate divisions between individuals and communities, making it increasingly difficult to find common ground or reach consensus on important issues.

Identifying and Avoiding the Incomplete Disquisition Fallacy

To avoid falling into the trap of the incomplete disquisition fallacy, it is essential to approach arguments and discussions with an open mind and a commitment to intellectual honesty. Consider the following strategies:

  1. Seek a comprehensive understanding: Take the time to thoroughly research and explore different aspects of a topic. Consider multiple sources of information and ensure a well-rounded understanding before forming an argument.

  2. Acknowledge alternative viewpoints: Recognize that there may be valid perspectives that differ from your own. Engage in active listening and encourage open dialogue that welcomes diverse opinions.

  3. Present balanced arguments: Strive to present arguments that consider both sides of an issue. Acknowledge counterarguments and address them in a fair and respectful manner. This promotes a more nuanced and accurate representation of the topic at hand.

  4. Avoid selective evidence: Resist the temptation to cherry-pick supporting evidence while ignoring contradictory information. Embrace a holistic approach that considers all relevant facts and data.

  5. Encourage critical thinking: Foster an environment that values critical thinking and encourages individuals to question assumptions, biases, and incomplete analyses. By promoting a culture of intellectual rigor, the incomplete disquisition fallacy can be minimized.


The incomplete disquisition fallacy serves as a reminder of the importance of thoroughness and intellectual integrity in our arguments and discussions. By avoiding this fallacy, we can foster a more informed and inclusive society, where diverse perspectives are respected, and meaningful dialogue can thrive. Let us strive to approach every topic with a commitment to completeness, understanding, and the pursuit of truth.

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