Paraphrase Tool

Incomplete Cause Fallacy

Updated Jun 16, 2023

The Incomplete Cause Fallacy: Unraveling the Illusion of Causality


In the realm of logical fallacies, the incomplete cause fallacy stands out as one that often goes unnoticed yet can have a profound impact on our understanding of causality. This fallacy occurs when someone prematurely concludes that one factor is the sole cause of an event or outcome, while ignoring other potential contributing factors. In this blog article, we will delve into the intricacies of the incomplete cause fallacy, explore its implications, and provide tips on how to avoid falling into its trap.

Understanding the Incomplete Cause Fallacy

Defining the Incomplete Cause Fallacy

The incomplete cause fallacy, also known as the false cause fallacy or causal oversimplification, arises when we mistakenly attribute the entirety of a cause to a single factor without considering other relevant elements. It disregards the complex web of interconnected causes that often influence events, leading to an oversimplified and inaccurate understanding of causality. This fallacy can be particularly deceptive as it offers a seemingly logical explanation while neglecting crucial factors that contribute to the outcome.

Examples of the Incomplete Cause Fallacy

To better grasp the concept, let's consider a couple of examples:

  1. Example 1: The Rise in Crime Rates John claims that the increase in crime rates is solely due to the lack of police presence in the city. While it is true that a reduced police force can contribute to an increase in crime, it oversimplifies the situation by neglecting other possible causes like socioeconomic factors, education, and drug-related issues.

  2. Example 2: The Decline in Sales Sarah, the owner of a retail store, attributes the decline in sales solely to an increase in online shopping. While e-commerce might indeed impact traditional retail sales, Sarah fails to consider other factors such as changes in consumer preferences, economic downturns, or ineffective marketing strategies.

The Implications of the Incomplete Cause Fallacy

Misleading Conclusions

When we succumb to the incomplete cause fallacy, we risk drawing misleading conclusions that fail to reflect the true complexity of causality. By oversimplifying the causes behind an event or outcome, we limit our understanding and may overlook crucial factors that need to be addressed.

Potential for Poor Decision-Making

Making decisions based on an incomplete understanding of causality can have detrimental consequences. Whether it's formulating public policies, developing business strategies, or addressing social issues, failing to consider all relevant causes can lead to ineffective solutions and wasted resources.

Perpetuating Bias and Stereotypes

The incomplete cause fallacy can also perpetuate biases and stereotypes. By attributing the entirety of a cause to a single factor, we risk oversimplifying complex issues and potentially reinforcing stereotypes. This can hinder progress and prevent us from addressing the root causes that contribute to certain phenomena.

Avoiding the Incomplete Cause Fallacy

Embrace Complexity

To avoid falling into the incomplete cause fallacy, it is essential to acknowledge the complexity of causality. Recognize that most events and outcomes are influenced by a multitude of factors rather than a single cause. By adopting this mindset, we can approach problems with a more comprehensive perspective.

Conduct Thorough Analysis

When attempting to understand causality, it is crucial to conduct thorough analysis. This involves gathering relevant data, considering multiple perspectives, and exploring various potential causes. By taking a holistic approach to understanding causality, we can avoid oversimplification and gain a more accurate understanding of the factors at play.

Remain Open to New Information

To guard against the incomplete cause fallacy, it is vital to remain open to new information and continuously update our understanding of causality. As new evidence emerges, be willing to reevaluate assumptions and adjust conclusions accordingly. This willingness to adapt and learn will help us navigate the intricate web of causality more effectively.


The incomplete cause fallacy serves as a reminder that causality is often far more complex than it initially appears. By avoiding this fallacy and embracing a more comprehensive understanding of causality, we can make more informed decisions, challenge biases, and ultimately gain a deeper appreciation for the intricate tapestry of cause and effect in our world. So, let us strive to unravel the illusion of causality and embrace the complexity that lies beneath.

Note: This blog article was written to satisfy the intent of the search query "incomplete cause fallacy." Markdown was used for subheadings as necessary.

Want to generate unlimited academic essays?

  • unlock
    Unlock endless possibilities for your academic writing!
  • tools
    Our tool helps you craft high-quality, original essays in no time. Whether you're tackling complex topics or need help structuring your thoughts, we've got you covered. Start creating with ease and elevate your academic performance today!

About Paraphrase Tool

Getting your wording just right

Paraphrasing is a natural part of the writing process as it helps you clarify your thinking and suit your words to your audience. Using a Paraphrase Tool helps structure and streamline this work, and our paraphrase tool offers 20 modes, many of them free, for accomplishing just this. The 20 modes we offer are diverse, including a summarize tool, a free grammar checker, a mode to simplify text, and a sentence shortener. There are sentence rephrasers and paraphrase rephrase tools, and we pride ourselves on having both, since our reword generator accounts for context at both the sentence and paragraph levels.

When you google paraphrase you will get a variety of results, from a free Paraphrase Tool, to an article spinner, to a general phrase tool, and it can be hard to determine which of these rephrase tools will best help you complete your work. If you simply need to get a word rephrase, that is, reword only small elements within the sentence, many tools will suffice, but there is the risk that you end up with a tool that does not consider context and produces very awkward and ungrammatical sentences. Rephrasing is very much an art, and we’ve built our paraphrase bot to produce the most correct results in 20 modes in over 100 languages, making it the best paraphrasing tool at an exceptionally low cost. So whether you need to paraphrase deutsch, paraphrase greek, or paraphrase bahasa melayu, the next time you think, I need something to paraphrase this for me, you’ll know where to turn.

From keywords to paragraphs

Generating paragraphs with unique ideas can be challenging, and too often writers get stuck at this stage of the writing process. With our paragraph tool, you can enter keywords and let our AI generate paragraphs for you, so that you can have something to work with, refine the output, and become more engaged in your writing.

A paragraph generator creates links between your ideas, such that the output is sensible, unique, and stimulating, very close to what you would expect a thoughtful human paragraph writer to produce.

Paragraph makers are nice, but what about a short story generator? Because our AI is generalized, it serves a story generator, an essay generator, a poem generator, and much more. To generate compelling stories, you should provide the story generator with useful keywords from which it can develop plot elements, including characters, setting details, and any situational information. To generate reasonably good essays, you should likewise provide the essay maker with details around argumentative positions and any other pertinent ideas. If you more specifically want an introduction paragraph generator or conclusion paragraph generator, you can provide starter text and keywords that will best enable our essay creator to produce them.

You may well ask, “is this essay generator free?” Everything on this site is free within a 3-day trial, so you can test and develop confidence in our products. You may also be wondering where this is an essay automatic writer or if it will take a while to get results. All results appear within a matter of seconds, so you can move through your work as quickly as possible.

You may have professional needs for creating paragraphs as well, such as those needed for cover letter. Most of the time a cover letter template includes information that is not relevant to you; by using your own keywords, we can produce cover letter examples that are relevant to your use case and often require very little editing. By using this service, you can also learn how to write a cover letter and achieve the cover letter format you need.

Plagiarism checker free

Like everything else on our site, you can check plagiarism free within a trial, which is a great opportunity for those who want to check a paper for plagiarism without committing to paying before they see results. This free plagiarism checker is great for students and clearly indicates how to check for plagiarism by highlighting areas of similarity between the two texts. Just to be sure you are not accidentally plagiarizing, be sure to check all of your paraphrases as well.