Paraphrase Tool

False Cause Fallacy

Updated May 4, 2023

The False Cause Fallacy: Unraveling the Web of Causation


In the realm of critical thinking and logical reasoning, it is crucial to identify and understand common fallacies that can hinder our ability to make well-informed decisions. One such fallacy, the False Cause Fallacy, often sneaks its way into arguments and can lead us astray in our pursuit of truth. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of the False Cause Fallacy, explore its implications, and learn how to avoid falling victim to its misleading web of causation.

What is the False Cause Fallacy?

The False Cause Fallacy, also known as the fallacy of false causation, is a logical fallacy that occurs when one assumes a causal relationship between two events solely based on their correlation. In other words, it wrongly concludes that if event A happens before event B, then event A must have caused event B. However, correlation does not always imply causation, and this fallacy fails to consider other potential factors or coincidences that may be at play.

Unveiling the Fallacy

Let's explore an example to better understand how the False Cause Fallacy can mislead us. Suppose we observe a sudden increase in ice cream sales and simultaneously notice a rise in violent crimes. Concluding that the increase in ice cream sales directly causes the spike in criminal behavior would be an example of the False Cause Fallacy. There might be other factors at play, such as a heatwave that leads to both increased ice cream consumption and heightened tensions, resulting in more conflicts.

The Domino Effect: Understanding the Mechanism

The False Cause Fallacy often occurs due to a lack of critical thinking or a desire to find a simple cause-and-effect relationship in complex situations. This fallacy can be further divided into two subcategories:

  1. Post hoc ergo propter hoc: This Latin phrase translates to "after this, therefore because of this." It is a common form of the False Cause Fallacy where one assumes causation based solely on temporal sequence. Just because event B follows event A does not mean that A caused B.

  2. Cum hoc ergo propter hoc: Another Latin phrase meaning "with this, therefore because of this." This subcategory assumes that just because two events occur simultaneously, one must be causing the other. However, mere correlation does not establish causation.

Avoiding the Pitfalls

Now that we understand the False Cause Fallacy and its variants, how can we avoid falling into its trap? Here are a few guidelines to help us stay on the path of sound reasoning:

  1. Consider alternative explanations: When faced with a seemingly causal relationship, always explore other potential factors that might be influencing the observed outcome. Look for alternative explanations beyond the apparent correlation.

  2. Evaluate the timeline: Temporal sequence alone is not enough to establish causation. Examine if there is a logical and mechanistic connection between the cause and effect. Look for other events or factors that might be responsible for the observed outcome.

  3. Seek supporting evidence: Look for empirical evidence, scientific studies, or expert opinions that support the suggested causal relationship. Ensure that the claims are based on credible sources and rigorous research.

  4. Beware of oversimplification: Be cautious of oversimplifying complex situations by attributing causation to one single factor. Reality is often multifaceted, and causal relationships are rarely straightforward.


The False Cause Fallacy can easily deceive us into drawing incorrect conclusions by assuming causation based on correlation alone. By understanding the mechanics of this fallacy and applying critical thinking skills, we can avoid being misled and make more informed decisions. Remember, correlation does not always imply causation, and unraveling the web of causation requires diligent analysis and consideration of alternative explanations. So, let's embrace the power of logical reasoning and steer clear of the False Cause Fallacy in our pursuit of truth.

Want to generate unlimited academic essays?

  • unlock
    Unlock endless possibilities for your academic writing!
  • tools
    Our tool helps you craft high-quality, original essays in no time. Whether you're tackling complex topics or need help structuring your thoughts, we've got you covered. Start creating with ease and elevate your academic performance today!

About Paraphrase Tool

Getting your wording just right

Paraphrasing is a natural part of the writing process as it helps you clarify your thinking and suit your words to your audience. Using a Paraphrase Tool helps structure and streamline this work, and our paraphrase tool offers 20 modes, many of them free, for accomplishing just this. The 20 modes we offer are diverse, including a summarize tool, a free grammar checker, a mode to simplify text, and a sentence shortener. There are sentence rephrasers and paraphrase rephrase tools, and we pride ourselves on having both, since our reword generator accounts for context at both the sentence and paragraph levels.

When you google paraphrase you will get a variety of results, from a free Paraphrase Tool, to an article spinner, to a general phrase tool, and it can be hard to determine which of these rephrase tools will best help you complete your work. If you simply need to get a word rephrase, that is, reword only small elements within the sentence, many tools will suffice, but there is the risk that you end up with a tool that does not consider context and produces very awkward and ungrammatical sentences. Rephrasing is very much an art, and we’ve built our paraphrase bot to produce the most correct results in 20 modes in over 100 languages, making it the best paraphrasing tool at an exceptionally low cost. So whether you need to paraphrase deutsch, paraphrase greek, or paraphrase bahasa melayu, the next time you think, I need something to paraphrase this for me, you’ll know where to turn.

From keywords to paragraphs

Generating paragraphs with unique ideas can be challenging, and too often writers get stuck at this stage of the writing process. With our paragraph tool, you can enter keywords and let our AI generate paragraphs for you, so that you can have something to work with, refine the output, and become more engaged in your writing.

A paragraph generator creates links between your ideas, such that the output is sensible, unique, and stimulating, very close to what you would expect a thoughtful human paragraph writer to produce.

Paragraph makers are nice, but what about a short story generator? Because our AI is generalized, it serves a story generator, an essay generator, a poem generator, and much more. To generate compelling stories, you should provide the story generator with useful keywords from which it can develop plot elements, including characters, setting details, and any situational information. To generate reasonably good essays, you should likewise provide the essay maker with details around argumentative positions and any other pertinent ideas. If you more specifically want an introduction paragraph generator or conclusion paragraph generator, you can provide starter text and keywords that will best enable our essay creator to produce them.

You may well ask, “is this essay generator free?” Everything on this site is free within a 3-day trial, so you can test and develop confidence in our products. You may also be wondering where this is an essay automatic writer or if it will take a while to get results. All results appear within a matter of seconds, so you can move through your work as quickly as possible.

You may have professional needs for creating paragraphs as well, such as those needed for cover letter. Most of the time a cover letter template includes information that is not relevant to you; by using your own keywords, we can produce cover letter examples that are relevant to your use case and often require very little editing. By using this service, you can also learn how to write a cover letter and achieve the cover letter format you need.

Plagiarism checker free

Like everything else on our site, you can check plagiarism free within a trial, which is a great opportunity for those who want to check a paper for plagiarism without committing to paying before they see results. This free plagiarism checker is great for students and clearly indicates how to check for plagiarism by highlighting areas of similarity between the two texts. Just to be sure you are not accidentally plagiarizing, be sure to check all of your paraphrases as well.