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Updated Apr 7, 2023

The Power of Enthymeme: A Rhetorical Device that Persuades


Rhetoric, the art of effective communication, plays a crucial role in shaping opinions and influencing decisions. One powerful rhetorical device that has stood the test of time is the enthymeme. Derived from the Greek word "enthymema," meaning "intermediate thought," an enthymeme is a persuasive technique that relies on logical reasoning and incomplete syllogisms. In this blog post, we will explore the fascinating world of enthymemes, their structure, and the impact they can have on our understanding and beliefs.

Understanding Enthymeme

An enthymeme is a concise argument that omits a premise or conclusion, relying on the audience's ability to fill in the missing information. By engaging the audience's critical thinking skills, enthymemes make them active participants in the persuasion process. This rhetorical device is commonly used in various forms of communication, including speeches, debates, advertisements, and even everyday conversations.

Structure of an Enthymeme

An enthymeme typically consists of three parts: a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion. The major premise is a widely accepted assumption or general truth, while the minor premise is a specific statement or evidence that supports the major premise. Together, these premises lead to a conclusion that the speaker or writer wants the audience to accept. Let's examine an example to better understand this structure:

Major Premise: All humans are mortal. Minor Premise: Socrates is a human. Conclusion: Therefore, Socrates is mortal.

In this classic example from Greek philosopher Aristotle, the major premise states a universally accepted truth, the minor premise provides specific evidence about Socrates, and the conclusion logically follows from the premises. However, an enthymeme often leaves out the major premise to rely on the audience's shared knowledge or beliefs.

Consider this modified version of the same example:

Minor Premise: Socrates is a human. Conclusion: Therefore, Socrates is mortal.

In this revised enthymeme, the major premise "All humans are mortal" is omitted. By assuming that the audience already accepts this premise, the speaker or writer can focus on the minor premise and conclusion, making their argument more concise and impactful.

The Art of Persuasion through Enthymemes

Enthymemes are powerful tools of persuasion due to their ability to tap into the audience's reasoning and beliefs. By leaving out the major premise, the audience is compelled to fill in the gap, actively participating in the argument and internalizing the conclusion. This engagement enhances the persuasive effect of the enthymeme and increases the chances of the audience accepting the intended message.

Let's explore an example of enthymeme in advertising:

Premise: People who drink coffee in the morning are more productive during the day. Conclusion: Start your day with our premium coffee blend.

In this advertisement, the major premise "People who drink coffee in the morning are more productive during the day" is implied but not explicitly stated. The conclusion, "Start your day with our premium coffee blend," appeals to the audience's desire for productivity and positions the advertised coffee as the solution. By relying on the audience's shared belief in the productivity-boosting effects of coffee, the advertisement effectively persuades them to choose their product.

The Impact of Enthymeme on Critical Thinking

Enthymemes not only influence our beliefs but also encourage critical thinking. By leaving out a premise, they prompt the audience to question and analyze the argument, considering various possibilities and counterarguments. This engagement with the enthymeme enhances our ability to think critically, evaluate information, and make informed decisions.


Enthymemes are a powerful rhetorical device that harnesses the persuasive force of logical reasoning and audience participation. By omitting a premise, they engage the audience in active thinking and encourage them to fill in the missing information. From ancient Greek philosophers to modern-day advertisers, enthymemes have shaped our understanding and beliefs, leaving a lasting impact on our decision-making processes. So, the next time you encounter an enthymeme, be prepared to critically analyze the argument and consider its implications.

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